Kategori
Bahan Ajar Bahasa Inggris Kelas X SMA/SMK Siswa

Soal-Soal Narrative Text

Sumber Gambar : pixabay.com

Setelah mempelajari penjelasan Narrative text, kalian akan mengerjakan beberapa latihan soal, namun jika kalian masih belum mengerti dengan baik, kembali ke SINI, atau hubungi Guru kalian untuk meminta penjelasan lebih lanjut.

  1. Read the passage quickly. Then answer the questions that follow.

One day, the people from the village of Mimika were very busy. They prepared twelve boats and set off on a journey to find sago (traditional food of the people in the island of Papua). After three days, their boats were filled with sago. But on their way back to the village, they were attacked by a dragon. The dragon’s tail caused a big wave in the river. Most of the villagers were drown, but there’s a woman who managed to save herself. She was hanging to a tree log and finally arrives in a land.

The woman was the only survivor from the incident. She was pregnant. Her boat was broken so she couldn’t go back to the village. The woman then lived in the forest near the river. Later she gave birth to a son. She named her son Biwar. He grew up as a skillful hunter. He can make various weapons, set traps to catch animals, and provided sufficient food for both of them.

One day he brought some fish for their food. When his mother saw him bringing fish, she asked where Biwar got them. He said it was from the river. The mother was still afraid of the dragon, so she forbade Biwar to go near the river again. She also told him about his father and the villagers that were killed by the dragon, “Your father was killed by the dragon. I’m the only one survived from the incident. That’s why we live alone here, Son.”

Biwar then decided to hunt the dragon so that he and his mother could go back to the village. He set traps near the river. Then he made some noise by playing the tifa (traditional drums). Attracted by the noise, the dragon came to Biwar. When the dragon started to attack, Biwar pulled the rope that linked to his traps, releasing spears that hit the dragon’s head directly. The dragon died instantly.

Biwar then came to his mother and told her about the death of the dragon. The next day, he built a boat and set sail to return to the village. When they arrived in the village, all the people were so happy to hear the news about the dragon’s death. Thanks to Biwar, they are not afraid to sail in the river anymore.

taken from : bahasa inggrisku blog.spot

1.What is the story about?

  1. Biwar and Dragon
  2. People from Mimika
  3. The dragon
  4. Biwar
  5. The dragon’s tail

 

2. According to the story, Biwar …..

  1. did not hunt the dragon
  2. killed the dragon
  3. killed his father
  4. could not go back to the village
  5. prepared twelve boats

3. What made Biwar decide to hunt the dragon?

  1. Because his father died
  2. Because the people loved the dragon
  3. Because the dragon killed his father and the villagers
  4. Because his mother ordered him
  5. Because the dragon was his friend

4. Who were the main character of the story?

  1. Villigers and forest
  2. Pregnant woman and river
  3. Biwar and the woman
  4. The dragon
  5. Biwar and the dragon

5. “I’m the only one survived from the incident. That’s why we live alone here, Son”. (Paragraph 3) The underline word refers to…

  1. The dragon and river
  2. Biwar and his mother
  3. Villagers
  4. People and Biwar’s mother
  5. The dragon and villagers

B. Have you ever heard any legend in your local area? What is it about? Try to write an outline of the story

C. Read the story you’ve made, record and send it to your teacher

Kategori
Bahan Ajar Bahasa Inggris Kelas X SMA/SMK Siswa

Narrative Text

  • Sumber Gambar: pixabay.com

Hi, Students. Apa kabar?. Semoga baik-baik saja.

Pada kesempatan ini, kita akan membahas salah satu teks narasi. Salah satu bentuk cerita yang sering kalian dengar sejak kecil. Jenis teks cerita yang paling digemari oleh anak-anak, sehingga jenis teks cerita  ini sangat melekat diingatan mereka, bahkan tidak sedikit diantara mereka berfikir bahwa cerita ini benar adanya.

Narative Text Expressions

Teks Naratif (Narrative Text). Teks ini sangat mudah diketahui karena identik dengan ungkapan-ungkapan sebagai berikut :

  • Long, long ago, long time ago……
  • Once upon a time ……
  • One day that …..
  • Then …
  • After that ….
  • Meanwhile ….
  • Eventually ….
  • Finally ….
Definition and Purpose

Teks Naratif  adalah teks berupa cerita imajinasi atau fiktif (tidak nyata), seperti:

  • Legenda (legend). (Legenda Bunga Sakura, Legenda Pulau Giliraja, etc..)
  • Dongeng (fairy tale), (Si Kura-kura yang sombong, Kancil dan buaya, etc…)
  • Cerita rakyat (folktale), (Asal mula selat Bali, Roro Jongrang, Timun emas, etc…)
  • Mitos (myth)  (Sangkuriang, Tangkuban Perahu),  atau
  • Fable (fabel) (Tupai yang sombong, Kancil pencuri).

Jenis teks cerita ini tidak sulit untuk mengarangnya, bahkan para orangtua mampu membuat/mengarang cerita bentuk narative yang tujuannya untuk menghibur dan mendidik anak-anak mereka melalui pesan moral dalam cerita tersebut.

Dari penjelasan diatas dapat disimpulkan bahwa teks Naratif adalah  berupa cerita yang tujuannya hanya untuk menghibur pembaca. (To amuse/entertain the readers and to tell a story).

Generic Structure

Teks Naratif umumnya memiliki struktur :

  • Orientation, Pendahuluan berupa tokoh (pemeran dalam cerita), waktu dan tempat
  • Complication/Crisis, Pengembangan konflik/masalah
  • Resolution, langkah yang diambil untuk menyelesaikan masalah/konflik
  • Coda, Perubahan yang terjadi pada tokoh, serta pelajaran yang bisa dipetik dari cerita (optional).
Essential Grammar

Teks Naratif sering menggunakan unsur kebahasaan tertentu, antara lain :

  • Simple past tense
  • Action Verb. Kata kerja menunjukkan peristiwa, misalnya Stayed, climbed, killed etc
  • Saying verb and thinking verb. Kata kerja menunjukan pelaporan atau ujaran, misalnya said, told, understood, thought, promised, etc
  • Time connective. Untuk mengurutkan kejadian, misalnya after, before, soon, then, etc….

Baca Juga :

Example

The Mermaid

 

Orientation Long time ago there was a princess who was suffer of the witch’s magic.

Actually, the princess was very beautiful and kind person. Anybody loved her except her sister who was so jealous of her.

If the princess still had her beauty, so every prince would prefer to marry her rather than her sister.

Complication One day, the sister ordered a witch to change the princess beauty into an ugly face.

The witch gave a bottle of poison to her to be added into the princess food. That poison would change princess’ appearance into an ugly one.

At the evening when the dinner started, the sister added the poison into the food for the princess. Nobody knew about that. The princess ate her food without noticed that there was a danger inside her food.

After eating, in the night, the princess’ skin was blister. The princess felt hurt and she cried to ask for a help.

No one could help her even the physicians in that kingdom. The princess was looked so scary like a monster. She was so sad and shy because anybody was afraid of her. Then she ran away and away from the kingdom.

She walked alone through the deep forest day and night. She was like a monster so that no animal or predator was brave to close to her. That made her more and more sad.

She walked until she reached a beach and then she felt so tired because she never had a rest from walking.

Resolution At that beach she began to sleep. She did not realized that she had been sleeping for three months and she woke up because there was a very handsome man come and woke her up.

“Wake up dear poor princes.” The man said.

“Oh, who are you? Why are you not afraid of me?” the princess asked.

“I am the king of the sea. You have been sleeping here for three months in suffer. So, it is the time for me to help you. I will give back your beauty but after that you will never get your previous life.” The man said.

“Oh, my lord, you are so kind. I have lost my previous life so I like to have the new life. What should I do my lord?” the princess asked.

“Follow me to come closer to the sea.”

The princess followed that man walked into the sea. After touching the sea, the princess’ beauty was back to her. She also amazed that the half of her body was a fish body.

“Now you cannot stay at the land dear princess, you will forever live in the sea like the fish. But don’t be sad. I will marry you and you will be the queen in my kingdom.” The man said.

Since that, the princess never went back to the land. The king of the sea married her and she became the queen of the sea.

Sometimes she appeared at the corral to see the sun. Some tailors or fisherman who had ever seen her called her a mermaid.

Kategori
Bahan Ajar Bahasa Inggris Kelas XII SMA/SMAK Siswa

Soal-Soal Offering Help

Sumber Gambar : pixabay.com

Setelah mempelajari penjelasan materi Offering help, kalian akan mengerjakan beberapa latihan soal , namun jika kalian masih belum mengerti, sebaiknya kembali ke SINI, atau hubungi guru kalian untuk meminta penjelasan lebih lanjut. Berikut soal latihannya :

Choose the correct answer

1.Gita : Would you like me to take the book from the second floor?

Mrs. Mayori : Yes, please. I am busy with this document.

 The underline sentence express?

  1. Giving opinion
  2. Giving suggestion
  3. Offering help
  4. Thanking
  5. Asking help

 

2. Mela : You are so tired. ………………

Richo : No, Thank you.

The suitable expression to complete the dialogue is …

  1. Can I help you to finish this job?
  2. You may go home
  3. May you do this
  4. Why don’t you take a rest?
  5. Can you help me?

 

3. Jane : The project is too hard to do. I must collect some evidences to support it.

Rumi : …………………………………………………..

The suitable expression to complete the dialogue is …

  1. Why don’t you study hard?
  2. Come on. Stop and take a rest
  3. Let me help you work on it.
  4. Let go to see the teacher
  5. I am sorry to hear that.

 

4. Regita : You look unwell!.

Maria : I have headache

The proper expression to fill the blank above is ….

  1. Let me buy Aspirin for you
  2. Let us finish this task
  3. Can I go home?
  4. Can you help me?
  5. Headache is symptom of pain in the face and head.

 

5. Kiki : I left my English book at home

Stevany : ……………………

The suitable expression to complete the dialogue is …

  1. You do it again
  2. As always. You left your book again
  3. Let me keep it
  4. Shall I take it for you?
  5. Shall I go?

 

6. Harry : I think, I lost my way

Mr. Gading : ………………..

The suitable expression to complete the dialogue is …

  1. May I help you. I am a carpenter
  2. Could I help you. I know this town
  3. How many time do you lost your way?
  4. Really. I am not surprise
  5. Oh my God. You did it.

 

7. Rony : I am hungry. I missed my lunch.

Wirna : …………………

The proper expression to fill the blank above is ….

  1. Should I bring you Lalapan?
  2. Should I bring you orange juice?
  3. Should I take a bottle of Coca-Cola, please?
  4. Should I add some salt
  5. Should I finish all this plates?

 

8. Loli : I have a lot of things to do today. I am confused with all of them.

Panca : ……………………

The suitable expression to complete the dialogue is …

  1. You are business woman
  2. How lucky you are
  3. Is there something I can do for you?
  4. I proud of you
  5. Why don’t you come and join us?

 

9. Elo : My motorcycle is broken.

Tono : Can I help you to fix it?

Elo : I’d love to, but I have called the mechanic.

The underlined expression shows ….

  1. Elo is mechanic
  2. Elo offers a help
  3. Elo does not care
  4. Some offer some help
  5. Giving an idea

 

10. Pona : Hello, Refa. Where have you been?
Refa: Hi, Pona. I just bought red fruits in Yotefa market

Pona : Do you need some help to bring them?
Refa : ………………

The suitable respond to complete the dialogue is ….

  1. Red fruit is from Wamena
  2. Sure
  3. What do you say?
  4. Will you help me?
  5. You are welcome

 

 

Kategori
Bahan Ajar Bahasa Inggris Kelas XII SMA/SMAK Siswa

Materi Offering Help

Sumber Gambar : pixabay.comMenawarkan jasa. Yah, inilah materi yang akan kita bahas.

By the way, pernahkah kalian menawarkan jasa atau batuan kepada orang lain?

Jika pernah, kepada siapa?

Apakah teman, adik atau orang yang umurnya diatas kalian?

Apakah ungkapannya sama?, tentu tidak. Ada sedikit perbedaan pada saat berbicara dengan orang yang lebih tua dan orang yang umurnya dibawah dari kita.

Berikut penjelasan, ungkapan-ungkapan resmi serta respon dan contohnya dalam percakapan :

Offering Help Definition

Well, sebelum kita membahas tentang ungkapan offering help,  sebaiknya perhatihan defenisi tentang materi ini :

Offering help used to offer help to others. Offer means you offer something to others, you ask if they would like to use it or to have it.

Offering Help Expressions and Responses

Here are some formal and informal offering help expressions:

Formal expressions. (It used when you speak to people who are younger than you, friends, etc)

  • Can I help you?
  • May I help you?
  • What can I do for you?
  • How can I assist you?
  • How can I help you?
  • Let me help you?
  • Let me do it for you.
  • Do you want me to help you?
  • Shall I do something for you?
  • Do you need a hand?
  • Is there anything I can do for you?

Responses:

  • When you accept the offering
  • Thank you
  • Thanks
  • Why not?
  • Good idea
  • Certainly
  • Sure
  • When you refuse the offering
  • No, thanks
  • Thank you, I can handle it
  • Please don’t bother

Informal Expressions. (It used when you speak to people who are older than you and the ones who just known)

  • Could I help you?
  • Would you like me to help you?
  • I could help you, if you don’t mind.

Responses:

  • When you accept the offering
  • Thank you
  • Thank you very much
  • Yes, please.
  • When you refuse the offering
  • Thank you, I will do it myself.
  • I’d love to, but …….
  • That’ s great, but ……
Example :
  1. Mr. Waibu is repairing the car. He can not lift the tire, because it’s too heavy for him. Sesa is offering a help.

Sesa : What are you doing?

Mr. Waibu : I am repairing my car. The tire is flat and the brake is locked.

Sesa : The tire looks heavy, Could I help you?

Mr. Waibu : Sure. Please hold it and I’ll loose the bolts and fix it.

  1. Mrs. Fakdawer visits her old friend Mrs. Rumbiak, But she is not at home. She is out at the moment. Mrs. Fakdawer waits her and Yakomina, Mrs. Rumbiak daughter offers her a drink and cake.

Mrs. Fakdawer : Any body home?

Yakomina : Yeah, a moment, please? Mrs. Fakdawer. I am happy you are here.

Mrs. Fakdawer : Me too, sweety. Is your mom home?

Yakomina : No she isn’t. She is out, but she’ll be home soon. Please, come in and have a seat.

Mrs. Fakdawer : Thank you

 Yakomina : Would you like some coffee or tea?

Mrs. Fakdawer : Tea, please.

(a few minutes later, Yakomina comes and serves tea and some cakes)

Yakomine : Please, help yourself to your tea and cakes

Mrs. Fakdawer : Thank you.

Yakomina : Look, Mom is coming.

Kategori
Ceritaku

Pendidikan Karakter? Guru Butuh Dukungan.

Sumber Gambar : pixabay.com

Degradasi moral anak bangsa selalu menarik untuk diperbincangkan oleh berbagai kalangan, bagaimana tidak, berita dari berbagai media massa dan berbagai akun media sosial memaparkan dengan gamblang  tindakan anak sekolah yang  membuat masyarakat sering sapu dada atau bahkan memukul dahi sendiri, jika mendengar atau bahkan melihat aksi mereka yang sering bertingkah seperti tidak menggambarkan sikap anak sekolah.

Jika diamati, kemajuan teknologi, membuat mayoritas Orangtua dan siswa (i) hanya fokus untuk melatih otak secara intelektual, dengan harapan mampu bekerja setelah lulus sekolah. Hal ini dilakukan dengan pemikiran bahwa Karakter bisa terbentuk dari dogma yang didapatkan dalam keluarga dan kegiatan keagamaan.

Hal ini tentunya sedikit keliru, mengapa? Karena perkembangan zaman telah membuat siswa (i) mudah melupakan atau mengabaikan ajaran-ajaran, sehingga penambahan pendidikan Karakter perlu diajarkan di sekolah.

Lalu muncul pertanyaan, apakah perbedaan pendidikan intelektual dan pendidikan karakter?

Yang mana yang paling diutamakan, pendidikan intelektual atau pendidikan karakter?

Pendidikan intelektual membahas tentang kecerdasan, kemampuan, keterampilan anak berfikir untuk menyelesaikan tugas, mengembangkan ide kreatif dan inovatif, sehingga anak mampu menghasilkan karya, minimal hasil kreatifitas dari pengembangan tugas sekolah.

Pendidikan karakter berhubungan erat dengan psikis individu atau kepribadian. Pendidikan karakter mengajarkan tentang  pandangan terhadap nilai-nilai kehidupan, contohnya kejujuran, keperdulian, tanggung jawab, percaya diri, kerja sama,  toleransi dan lain-lain.

Bapak Pendidikan Ki Hadjar Dewantara mengatakan bahwa ruh pendidikan adalah Karakter. Lanjut, beliau menuturkan bahwa pendidikan harus mampu menuntun tumbuhnya karakter dalam hidup sang anak (siswa (i)), agar supaya mereka kelak menjadi manusia yang memiliki pribadi yang beradab dan susila.

Melihat dua penjelasan antara pendidikan intelektual dan pendidikan karakter dapat disimpulkan bahwa siswa (i) butuh kedua-duanya, siswa yang memiliki kecerdasan intelektual  namun, tidak diimbangi dengan karakter yang baik akan sia-sia. Bisa saja, kecerdasannya dapat digunakan salah, karena tidak memiliki karakter yang baik, dan sebaliknya.

Implementasi pendidikan karakter sering kandas oleh banyak faktor. Internet atau sumber informasi merupakan alat yang begitu mudah diakses.

Mencontohi aksi para pelaku seni dalam siaran program Televisi seperti sinetron tanpa bimbingan orangtua, Youtube dan yang tak kalah parahnya berasal dari orang-orang yang dianggap sebagai panutan dalam organisasi, agama atau lingkungan mereka membuat moral siswa (i) menjadi menurun.

Belum hilang dari ingatan kita, para panutan mengajak anak sekolah untuk mengikuti demo yang berakhir anarkis, serta ucapan-ucapan para panutan yang mudah merendahkan kepercayaan orang lain, para pimpinan dan bahkan merendahkan perempuan dengan mengeluarkan kata-kata kotor di depan khalayak ramai.

Hal ini sangat ironic. Pendidikan karakter digaungkan di sekolah-sekolah, Guru-guru berusaha membuatnya dalam perangkat mengajar, lalu mempraktekkan dan mengajarkannya, namun dengan mudahnya, para panutan menggaungkan hal-hal yang bertentangan dengan pendidikan karakter yang sesungguhnya.

Miris. Yah,  kata inilah yang patut menggambarkan betapa program pendidikan karakter ini akan sia-sia, jika tidak ada dukungan dari berbagai pihak.

Sepertinya, pendidikan karakter hanya program pemerintah saja untuk membelanjakan uang negara dalam bentuk  pelatihan yang berhubungan dengan hal ini, namun hasil akhirnya tidak ada dan tidak diperdulikan oleh siapapun.

Kekuatan para panutan lebih besar, sehingga tak ada yang berani menghentikan atau melakukan upaya keras terhadap mereka yang memberikan contoh buruk.

Semua orang tau bahwa siswa (i) adalah penerus bangsa, lalu apa jadinya negara ini, jika kebiasaan tak baik seperti ini terus-menerus mereka dengar dan lihat?.

Tak adakah tindakan keras melalui dunia pendidikan atas perilaku yang bertentangan dengan program pendidikan karakter?.  bukankah fenomena pendidikan karakter di negara ini dapat berkembang lebih baik, jika ketegasan, keadilan dapat ditegakkan?

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Kategori
Mahasiswa Siswa

Simple Future Tense

Sumber Gambar : pixabay.com

Pernahkah anda merencanakan sebuah kegiatan?

Berapa sering anda membuat rencana dalam sehari?

Kata apakah yang anda selalu gunakan untuk melakukan sesuatu pada waktu mendatang?. Yap, tentunya kata ‘akan’.

Kata ‘akan’ tidak hanya digunakan pada waktu mendatang saja, tetapi juga bisa digunakan pada waktu lampau, Namun kali ini, kita akan membahas kata ‘akan’ untuk kegiatan di masa mendatang.

Perhatikan pernyataan ini :

  • Saya akan pindah kerja ke Sorong tahun depan.
  • Dia akan menerima lamaran saya.
  • Pemerintah akan menurunkan harga Pertalite tahun depan.
  • Jabatan saya akan naik pada bulan Desember.
  • Tahun ini, kami akan merayakan Natal tanpa menerima tamu.
Pengertian Simple Future Tense

Dari contoh kalimat diatas, dapat didefinisikan bahwa Simple Future Tense adalah tensis yang menceritakan suatu kegiatan, peristiwa atau kejadian yang akan terjadi pada waktu mendatang. Mendatang yang dimaksud bukan saja pada waktu yang  mendatang saja, tetapi juga sesuatu yang belum terjadi dan akan berakhir pada waktu mendatang.

Keterangan Waktu

Contoh keterangan waktu Future Tense adalah : Nanti ( nanti malam/malam ini) pada jam…. , pada hari…, pada bulan….., besok, minggu depan, tahun depan dan lain-lain.

Rumus Simple Future Tense

Berikut  rumus Simple Future Tense untuk membentuk kalimat :

  1. Jika merencanakan sesuatu dan belum pasti akan dilakukan :

S +  will/shall + Verb 1 + Ok

Atau

S + will/shall + be + Verb 1 + O

  1. Jika merencanakan sesuatu dan sudah pasti akan dilakukan :

S + to be + going to + Verb 1 + O

Atau

S + to be + going to + be + adjective/noun/adverb + O

To be yang yang digunakan adalah is, am are.

I               am

 

She

He               is        

It

 

 You

We               are

They

Contoh Kalimat  Sederhana Simple Future Tense

  1. She will come tomorrow. (Menggunakan verb (kata kerja))
  2. The mechanic will fix my motorcycle. (Menggunakan verb (kata kerja))
  3. The Major will arrive this afternoon. (Menggunakan verb (kata kerja))
  4. She will be here tonight ( Menggunakan be karena ada adverb/adverb of place (here))
  5. We shall be good (Menggunakan be , karena ada adjective/kata sifat (good))
  6. She is going to fly to Bali this afternoon
  7. The Rector is going to announce good information soon
  8. Mr. Wayori is going to celebrate his wedding anniversary tonight at Horison Hotel in Jayapura.
  9. The boy is going to be sick. (Menggunakan be , karena ada adjective/kata sifat (sick))
  10. Lukas and Benyamin are going to be there. ( Menggunakan be karena ada adverb/adverb of place (there)).

Note :

Dalam berkomunikasi berbahasa Inggris, sebaiknya rumus tidak perlu terlalu difikirkan (jangan dijadikan beban, sehingga takut salah). Just practice to speak English. Tanpa disadari,  rumus akan dikuasai dengan sendirinya, asalkan selalu giat berlatih.

Soal Latihan

 1. Complete this short dialogue

Berto : Do you think Mr. Jack or Mr. Tom (win) ……………..the election?

Samon : I thing Mr. Jack (win) …………………..

Berto : No way. Mr. Tom(win)…………….the election.

2. Change this sentences into Future Tense.

Merina is my friend. She lives in Abepura. She is 20 years old. Every day, she does her project by herself and she sends it by email to her university instructor.  She is generous and helpful.

3. Make short dialogue using ‘will’ and ‘going to’.

 Baca Juga :

  1. Materi Plan and Intentions

 

Kategori
Mahasiswa Siswa

Simple Past Tense

Sumber Gambar : pixabay.com

Salam sehat!

Saya berkunjung ke Raja Ampat bulan lalu.

Mereka merayakan pesta besar kemarin.

Kami melihat Simon di Jayapura tadi.

Mereka merayakan natal di Puncak Jaya tahun lalu.

Nah, begitulah kira-kira gambaran dari simple past tense, dimana Simple past tense adalah tensis yang menjelaskan tentang suatu tindakan, kejadian atau peristiwa yang terjadi pada waktu lampau. Lampau yang dimaksud tidak berarti ‘dulu’ saja, tetapi sesuatu yang dilakukan minimal satu menit yang lalu.

Rumus Simple Past Tense

Berikut rumus untuk membuat kalimat lampau atau kalimat past tense :

S + V2 + O (Verb)

S + To Be + O (Noun, Adjective, Adverb)

Keterangan :

S = Subject

V = Verb / kata kerja bentuk kedua.

O = Object

Seperti yang kita ketahui bahwa kata kerja terbagi atas tiga bentuk, contoh :

Verb 1

Verb 2

Verb 3

Eat

Accept

Admire

Cut

Fall

Ate

Accepted

Admired

Cut

Fell

Eaten

Accepted

Admired

Cut

Fallen

Juga terdapat dua jenis kata kerja, yaitu regular verb (kata kerja beraturan) dan irreguler verb (kata kerja tak beraturan).

  1. Kata kerja Regular ditambahkan -ed / -d :

Verb 1

Verb 2

Call

called

Live

Lived

Fix

Fixed

Play

Played

Answer

Answered

 Kata kerja Tak beraturan (Irregular verb) :

Verb 1

Verb 2

Go

Went

Put

Put

Sing

Sang

Make

Made

Tell

Told

To Be :

To be untuk simple past tense adalah was dan were. Untuk subject I, You, She, He, It menggunakan was. I, You, We, They menggunakan were. Perlu diketahui bahwa subject You terbagi dua, satu sebagai You tunggal (was) dan yang satunya sebagai subject You jamak (were).

Contoh Kalimat
  1. Contoh Kalimat sederhana, jika menggunakan kata kerja dalam bentuk Past Tense:

 

  1. They called you
  2. She invited us
  3. Mr. Adventio did his project last year
  4. She found her soulmate
  5. Jane and Ratu made their report

2. Contoh Kalimat sederhana, jika menggunakan kata benda (noun), Kata sifat (adjective) dalam bentuk Past Tense:

 

  1. She was my classmate
  2. They were here
  3. I was fat
  4. We were close friend
  5. Mr. Ridnon was my neighour

Catatan :

Untuk bercakap  bahasa baru atau dalam hal ini bahasa Inggris, rumus tidak perlu terlalu dijadikan beban (takut salah rumus), yang penting adalah pemahaman dalam menggunakan tensis. Sedikit demi sedikit, rumus akan dikuasai,  jika selalu melatih diri untuk bercakap dalam bahasa Inggris.

Soal Latihan

A. Fill in the spaces with the correct form of the verb in parentheses in Simple Past Tense.

  1. My sister (shares) …….my picture on her social account last night
  2. The secretary (types)……the report
  3. The Yaung family and my family (fly)……. In a plane last week.
  4. Bino Store (sells)……a lot of wristwatches last year.
  5. The prisoners (leave)…….the jail early.

B.Change this simple present sentences into simple past tense.

A Day in My Life

Hello, My name is Yakobus. My day usually begins at five o’clock every morning. I get up, I do some exercise for about thirty minutes. After that, I take a bath and have breakfast with my family. I usually have boiled cassava and tea. At six thirty, I leave to work.

I ride motorcycle to work. It takes thirty minutes to get my office from my house. I start to work from seven thirty until three o’clock in the afternoon. After that I go to campus and start to study from four o’clock until six o’clock in the evening. Because of Coronavirus, I study online at the office.

I usually reach home at seven o’clock. When I get home, I take a bath and wash my clothes. After that, I have dinner and watch televison or continue doing my homework or reading a book. If I have a leisure time, I go out with my friends or meet friends via zoom or teams. I generally go to bed at ten o’clock every night.

Kategori
Bahan Ajar Bahasa Inggris Kelas X SMA/SMK

Soal-Soal Recount Text

Sumber Gambar : pixabay.com

Read the following text and answer the question 1 to 5

Holiday to Koya

Last week,  my family and I went to Koya for fishing. On the way , we stopped by buying some worms as fish bait. When we got to one of the resort, we ordered some foods and beverages like lalapan, Papeda, juice, tea and coffee. I and my brother ordered dragon juice. 

There were many huts for visitors. We got number 10 and 11. We chose them, because they were not too far from the toilet.

Before having lunch, we fished, sang together and took many pictures. We got a bucket fishes, a bag of corns and nuts. We went  home at 04.00 P.M .

1. The text above mainly discusses about……..

  1. the writer’s holiday in Jayapura
  2. the writer’s first visit to Koya
  3. the writer’s impression about fishing
  4. the writer’s experience in Koya
  5. the writer’s holiday to Koya

2. Why did they stop by?

  1. Because they wanted to take picture
  2. Because they wanted to take a rest
  3. Because they wanted to buy fish bait
  4. Because went to the resort
  5. Because they ordered some food.

3. What did the writer order?

  1. The writer ordered family to stop
  2. The writer ordered dragon juice
  3. The writer sang with family
  4. The writer stayed in the huts
  5. The writer and family were happy

4. What did the writer and her family do in Koya?

  1. They fished, sang together and took picuters
  2. They had time together
  3. The writer fished the fishes
  4. The family had lunch
  5. They were enjoying the time.

5. When did they go home?

  1. in the morning
  2. at noon
  3. on Tuesday morning
  4. in the afternoon
  5. in the evening

Read the following text and answer the question 6  to 10

People in Kotaraja Dalam thought that five burglars started stealing at Furia street on Monday morning. The burglars broke fence of  one  the big house and stole two motorcycles.  After that, they bought alcohol and drank. The host never thought that while they slept, burglars would break the fence and stole their vehicle.

6. The communicative purpose of this text is………

  1. to retell events for the purpose of informing
  2. . to describe the way they are
  3. to entertain the readers
  4. to share news
  5. to acknowledge readers about informative events

7. The text is in form of a/an………

  1. news item
  2. report
  3. narrative
  4. recount
  5. analytical exposition

8. When did it happen?

  1. Tuesday morning
  2. Monday morning
  3. Saturday morning
  4. Saturday evening
  5. Monday evening

9.  Where did it  take place?

  1. at Furia street
  2. at Furla street
  3. at Kotaraja street
  4. at Furia Dalam street
  5. at Dalam street

10. The lexico grammatical features are mostly written in………..

  1. gerund
  2. direct speech
  3. past perfect tense
  4. simple past tense
  5. simple present tense

 

 

Kategori
Bahan Ajar Bahasa Inggris Kelas X SMA/SMK

Materi Recount Text

Narration. Yah, tepatnya teks Recount masuk pada golongan teks ini, dimana teks Recount membahas atau menceritakan kejadian dimasa lampau. Teks ini hampir sama dengan teks Narrative, namun tentunya memiliki sedikit perbedaan, salah satu perbedaannya adalah teks Narrative membahas tentang cerita legenda. Teks ini akan dibahas pada artikel berikutnya, yah.

Recount Text DEFINITION

Recount text is a text that telling about action, activity or story, based on someone’s experiences or this text is to retell something that happened in the past and to tell a series or chronological  of past event. The Purpose of this text is to entertain or informing the reader.

Kinds of Recount Text
  1. Personal Recount : It retells an event that the writer was personally involved in, eg. My holiday in Raja Ampat, my experiences……
  2. Factual Recount : It records an incident, eg. a science experiment, Secretary report.
  3. Imaginative Recount : It tells an imaginary role and giving details of an event, eg. The first day orientation activities; How I made this project
Generic Structure

Generic structure of this text are :

  • Orientation : It gives background information about the text, such as who was involved, where it happened, and when it happened.
  • Event (s) : A series of events ordered in a chronological sequence.
  • Re-orientation : A personal comment about the event or what happened in the end.
Language Features

Dominant Language Features:

  1. Using Past Tense
  2. Using action verb. Eg went, called, lived, etc
  3. Using Pronoun. Participant (the writer)
  4. Passive Voice. Eg I was invited, but I dib not go
Recount Text Example (Personal Recount Text)

My Holiday in Wamena

Orientation

Last year, I spent my holiday in Wamena, Papua. I went there by myself for a three days  solo trip.

Event. (s)

On the first day, I was landed at Wamena Airport around 08.00 AM after an hour  flight. Then I went to Nayak Hotel by car and checked into hotel that I already booked. I decided to take a rest for a while. At noon, I went to visit one of my family, a generous uncle and his family. After that, I went to eat traditional food called Papeda and I went around the neighborhood.

On the next day, I went to see traditional house called Honai. I also went to learn how to make Noken (traditonal bag) and I saw the scenery of Wamena. I went back to the hotel at 05.00 PM. Aftre that, I washed my face, hands and legs. I did not take a bath, because it was freeze. I had dinner at 06.00 and  Immediately, I went to sleep.

On the third day, I went to the traditional market. I saw how Mama-mama made souvenirs. From them, I could see how they did their activities everyday.  I bought some souvenirs for my friends and family in Jayapura. I went to the airport at 12.00 PM since my flight was at 13.00  PM.

Re-orientation

I had a wonderful experience in Wamena, especially, I got to see directly how the mama-mama worked. It’s a great trip.