If I Had Known, I Wish I Had Known

Sumber Gambar : pixabay.com

Hi good students, di bagian ini kita akan bahas bagian ketiga dari penggunaan “if and wish”.

Yuk, simak penjelasannya!

Pelajari contoh berikut ini :

Last month Donal was in a hospital because of Covid-19, Gonius his best friend didn’t know this, so he didn’t go to visit him. They met a few days ago in Tropical Cafe, Gonius said : (Bulan lalu, Donal dirawat di rumah sakit karena Covid-19, Gonius teman baiknya tidak tau hal ini, sehingga dia tidak pergi menjenguknya. Mereka bertemu beberapa hari lalu di Cafe Tropikal, Gonius berkata)

If had known you were in hospital, I would have gone to see you. (Jika saya tau kamu masuk rah sakit, saya akan menjenguk kamu).

Gonius said : If I had known you were in hospital……. That tells us that he didn’t know Donal was in hospital. ( Gonius berkata : jika saya tau kamu masuk rumah sakit……hal ini menceritakan kepada kita bahwa Gonius tidak tau Donal masuk rumah sakit).

  • We use if +had (‘d) ….to talk about the past (if I had known/been/done):
  • I didn’t see you when you pass me on the workshop. If I had seen you, of course I would have saih hi. (but I didn’t see you). (Saya tidak lihat kamu ketika kamu lewat di depan bengkel. jika saya melihat kamu, saya akan sapa hai. (tapi saya tidak melihat kamu)).

Compare : 

  • I am not tired.  if I was tired, I would take a rest. (now)
  • I wasn’t tired. I I had been tired, I would have taken a rest. (past)
  • Do not use “would” in the if-part of the sentence. We use “would” innthe other part of the sentence:
  • If I had seen you, I would said hi (not, if I would have seen you)

Note that ‘d can be as would or had

  • If I’d seen you, (I’d seen=I had seen)
  • I’d have said hi (I’d have said =I would have said).
  • We use had (done) in the same way after “wish”. I wish something had happened = I am sorry that it didn’t happen:
  • I wish I had known that Donal was ill. I would have gone to see him. (but I didn’t know). (saya harap saya tau Donal sakit. Saya akan pergi menjenguknya (tapi saya tidak tau).
  • I feel sick. I wish I had eaten so much rendang. (I ate too much rendang). (saya merasa sakit. saya telah makan terlalu banyak rendang)
  • Do you wish you had trained hard for worksheet competation? (you didn’t train giat). (Apakah kamu telah berlatih keras untuk lomba LKS?, kamu tidak berlatih giat)
  • Do not use “would have”….after “wish”:
  • She was fever while we were away. I wish it had been fine. (not I wish it would have been fine)
  • Compare would (do) and would have done (done):
  • If I had gone to the meeting yesterday, I would be tired now (I am not tired now)
  • If I had gone to the meeting yesterday, I would have given my report. (I didn’t give my report).
  • Compare would have, could have and might have :
  • She hadn’t been  fever so bad, we would have gone out
  • She hadn’t been  fever so bad, we could have gone out. (we would have been able to go out).
  • She hadn’t been  fever so bad, we might have gone out. (perhaps we would have gone out).

Baca Juga :