Simple Past Tense

Sumber Gambar : pixabay.com

Salam sehat!

Saya berkunjung ke Raja Ampat bulan lalu.

Mereka merayakan pesta besar kemarin.

Kami melihat Simon di Jayapura tadi.

Mereka merayakan natal di Puncak Jaya tahun lalu.

Nah, begitulah kira-kira gambaran dari simple past tense, dimana Simple past tense adalah tensis yang menjelaskan tentang suatu tindakan, kejadian atau peristiwa yang terjadi pada waktu lampau. Lampau yang dimaksud tidak berarti ‘dulu’ saja, tetapi sesuatu yang dilakukan minimal satu menit yang lalu.

Rumus Simple Past Tense

Berikut rumus untuk membuat kalimat lampau atau kalimat past tense :

S + V2 + O (Verb)

S + To Be + O (Noun, Adjective, Adverb)

Keterangan :

S = Subject

V = Verb / kata kerja bentuk kedua.

O = Object

Seperti yang kita ketahui bahwa kata kerja terbagi atas tiga bentuk, contoh :

Verb 1

Verb 2

Verb 3

Eat

Accept

Admire

Cut

Fall

Ate

Accepted

Admired

Cut

Fell

Eaten

Accepted

Admired

Cut

Fallen

Juga terdapat dua jenis kata kerja, yaitu regular verb (kata kerja beraturan) dan irreguler verb (kata kerja tak beraturan).

  1. Kata kerja Regular ditambahkan -ed / -d :

Verb 1

Verb 2

Call

called

Live

Lived

Fix

Fixed

Play

Played

Answer

Answered

 Kata kerja Tak beraturan (Irregular verb) :

Verb 1

Verb 2

Go

Went

Put

Put

Sing

Sang

Make

Made

Tell

Told

To Be :

To be untuk simple past tense adalah was dan were. Untuk subject I, You, She, He, It menggunakan was. I, You, We, They menggunakan were. Perlu diketahui bahwa subject You terbagi dua, satu sebagai You tunggal (was) dan yang satunya sebagai subject You jamak (were).

Contoh Kalimat
  1. Contoh Kalimat sederhana, jika menggunakan kata kerja dalam bentuk Past Tense:

 

  1. They called you
  2. She invited us
  3. Mr. Adventio did his project last year
  4. She found her soulmate
  5. Jane and Ratu made their report

2. Contoh Kalimat sederhana, jika menggunakan kata benda (noun), Kata sifat (adjective) dalam bentuk Past Tense:

 

  1. She was my classmate
  2. They were here
  3. I was fat
  4. We were close friend
  5. Mr. Ridnon was my neighour

Catatan :

Untuk bercakap  bahasa baru atau dalam hal ini bahasa Inggris, rumus tidak perlu terlalu dijadikan beban (takut salah rumus), yang penting adalah pemahaman dalam menggunakan tensis. Sedikit demi sedikit, rumus akan dikuasai,  jika selalu melatih diri untuk bercakap dalam bahasa Inggris.

Soal Latihan

A. Fill in the spaces with the correct form of the verb in parentheses in Simple Past Tense.

  1. My sister (shares) …….my picture on her social account last night
  2. The secretary (types)……the report
  3. The Yaung family and my family (fly)……. In a plane last week.
  4. Bino Store (sells)……a lot of wristwatches last year.
  5. The prisoners (leave)…….the jail early.

B.Change this simple present sentences into simple past tense.

A Day in My Life

Hello, My name is Yakobus. My day usually begins at five o’clock every morning. I get up, I do some exercise for about thirty minutes. After that, I take a bath and have breakfast with my family. I usually have boiled cassava and tea. At six thirty, I leave to work.

I ride motorcycle to work. It takes thirty minutes to get my office from my house. I start to work from seven thirty until three o’clock in the afternoon. After that I go to campus and start to study from four o’clock until six o’clock in the evening. Because of Coronavirus, I study online at the office.

I usually reach home at seven o’clock. When I get home, I take a bath and wash my clothes. After that, I have dinner and watch televison or continue doing my homework or reading a book. If I have a leisure time, I go out with my friends or meet friends via zoom or teams. I generally go to bed at ten o’clock every night.

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