Pronouns (Kata Ganti)

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Hi.  How are you doing? I hope you are still in a good condition.

Well…. Today, we are going to learn Pronouns. What are pronouns?

Let’s see Pronouns

 

 Subject

Object

Possessive

Reflective Pronouns

Adjective

Pronoun/Nominal

I

Me

My

Mine

Myself

You

You

Your

Yours

Yourself

We

Us

Our

Ours

Ourselves

They

Them

Their

Theirs

Themselves

He

Him

His

His

Himself

She

Her

Her

Hers

Herself

It

It

Its

Its

Itself

  • Perhatikan kolom subjek diatas, terjemahkan ke dalam bahasa Indonesia secara lisan.

Example :

  • Rosma is my best friend. She lives in Jayapura. She has many hobbies, some of them are fishing and watching movies.
  • Michael is generous young man. He is my neighbor. He is from Sentani, but he lives in Waena.

When we talk to someone or people, kita tidak perlu mengulangi nama orang berkali-kali dalam beberapa kalimat, seperti contoh dibawah ini :

  • Rosma is my best friend. Rosma lives in Jayapura. Rosma has many hobbies, some of them are fishing and watching movies.
  • Michael is generous young man. Michael is my neighbour. Michael is from Sentani, but Michael  lives in Waena.

Berdasarkan dua contoh diatas, kita bisa melihat bahwa dalam menulis atau bahkan berbicara, kita tidak perlu mengulang nama atau benda berkali-kali, cukup mengantikannya dengan pronouns.

Dari contoh dan penjelasan diatas dapat diambil kesimpulan bahwa Pronous atau kata ganti orang  adalah sebuah kata yang dapat mengantikan kata lainnya (noun/kata benda).

Learn the example below:

  1. Personal Pronoun

Berikut ini adalah bentuk-bentuk Personal pronouns

Personal Pronoun sebagai Subjek

Personal Pronoun Sebagai Objek

Contoh Kalimat Personal Pronoun

I

Me

–          She calls me

–          They invite me

You

You

–          She need you

–          We care about you

We

Us

–          They help us

–          You love us

They

Them

–    She looks at them

–    You tell them

He

Him

–          They help him

–          I ask him

She

Her

–       You love her

–       We call her

It

It

–        She loves it

–        They keep it

  1. Possessive Pronouns

 Berikut ini adalah bentuk-bentuk possessive pronouns

 

Personal Pronoun Sebagai Subjek

Personal Pronoun Sebagai Objek

Contoh Kalimat Personal Pronoun

My

Mine

–   My car has black color.

–   That black car is mine.

 

Your

Yours

–     Do you look for your English book?

–     I have got something of yours

Our

Ours

–    She fixs our cables

–     The cables are ours

Their

Theirs

–    Their jackets looks cool

–    The jackets looks are theirs

His

His

–  His sister is beautiful and kind-hearted

–  Do you think the book is his?

Her

Hers

–       Her parents live in Jayapura

–       Do you think this pen is hers?

Its

Its

–  It is cute

–   The food is its? (hewan)

 3. Reflexive Pronoun

Berikut ini adalah bentuk-bentuk reflexive pronouns

Personal Pronoun sebagai Subjek

Personal Pronoun Sebagai Objek

Contoh Kalimat Personal Pronoun

I

Myself

–          I am preparing my breakfast by  myself

You

Yourself

–     You need to find yourself a good partner to finish your project

We

Ourselves

–    We should submit our tasks by ourselves

They

Themselves

–    My grandmother and grandfather raise me themselves

He

Himself

–    A little boy picked himself a shorts with number 5 on it.

She

Herself

– She told herself. It was nothing

It

Itself

–        The air condition can be off by itself in 30 minutes.